A Handy Guide for common major illness and recuperation time.
Disease And Illness Prognosis Chart for Horses
Colic, non surgical
ACUTE TREATMENT: Walk; remove all hay and grain; medications as ordered; close watch on feet for signs of laminitis.
ONGOING TREATMENT: Vet may leave recommended medication. Follow specific care instructions, usually restricted grain and turn out or hand walk. Check manure character.
STALL TIME: Until pain resolves.
PADDOCK TIME: When pain is over.
WALKING: Immediately and as often as possible. Mild exercise stimulates good circulation and helps relieve pain.
SLOW WORK: Usually in 1 to 2 days.
FULL WORK: Usually in 2 days.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS: Could be indicator of more serious problem. Make every attempt to track down cause.
INDICATORS OF HEALING: Pain relief; return of appetite.
PROGNOSIS: Guarded to good, depending on cause.
ACUTE TREATMENT: Surgery and hospitalization for up to two weeks.
ONGOING TREATMENT: Keep a close eye on the wound for the next few weeks, looking for signs of redness, swelling or drainage. Diet as ordered. Ample water at all times. No medications unless specifically ordered by surgeon. Avoid stress.
STALL TIME: Until sutures are removed.
PADDOCK TIME: In a few weeks.WALKING: Hand walking starting second or third day after surgery.
SLOW WORK: Variable. Depends on the extent of the surgery. Could be as early as two weeks after surgery.
FULL WORK: Only after very slow and careful reconditioning with slow work. Usually 6 to 8 weeks of reconditioning.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS: Infection. Wound breakdown. Adhesions (scar tissue) may form around the intestines, which causes abdominal pain.
INDICATORS OF HEALING: Wound clean, dry and no signs of separation. Normal manure in amount and character. Normal appetite. No pain with exercise.
PROGNOSIS: Guarded for return to strenuous activity in the long term as adhesions often form and can cause abdominal pain on extreme movement.
ACUTE TREATMENT: Clean vaginal area and tail of all blood and tissue. Treat navel of foal with iodine. Inspect the placenta, checking to be sure it is intact and complete. Observe foal until it has defecated and nursed.
ONGOING TREATMENT: Get vet check of mare within first 24 hours. Observe mare and foal carefully for normal urination, defecation, appetite and water/milk consumption. Check mare’s udder and vaginal area daily for heat, swelling, abnormal discharge.
STALL TIME: Stall rest for up to a day.
PADDOCK TIME: Turnout after a day.
WALKING: As necessary.
SLOW WORK: No.
FULL WORK: No.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS: Reproductive tract tears/injury are the main concern. Get a vet check within 24 hours. Observe attitude of mare and check for foul smelling vaginal discharge twice daily first 72 hours.
INDICATORS OF HEALING: Vaginal swelling will resolve within first week. Both mare and baby will be recovered from birth trauma within 48 to 72 hours.PROGNOSIS: Excellent.
Foaling Pneumonia in Mare
ACUTE TREATMENT: Antibiotics, usually by injection, for 10 to 14 days minimum; severe cases longer. Nebulizer treatments if suggested. Daily temperature taking.
ONGOING TREATMENT: High-quality, highly palatable diet. Avoid respiratory irritants. Good ventilation necessary. Avoid stress. Consider supplemental anti-oxidants (especially vitamin C and bioflavinoids) and grape seed.
STALL TIME: Minimum two weeks.
PADDOCK TIME: After cleared by veterinarian.
WALKING: After one to two weeks if treatment is progressing well.
SLOW WORK: No sooner than two weeks after treatment has stopped.
FULL WORK: No sooner than three weeks after treatment has stopped.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS: Recurrence. Chronic cough (stable cough). More prone to respiratory allergies. Lung abscess.
INDICATORS OF HEALING: Auscultation of lungs by veterinarian. Chest X-rays in severe cases.PROGNOSIS: Good if diagnosed early and treated with correct antibiotics. Guarded for severe cases that respond slowly (permanent scarring more likely).
ACUTE TREATMENT: If open wound, clean three times daily. Vaseline to wound edges to avoid "burning" from drainage. Antibiotics/anti-inflammatories if prescribed. Good ventilation. Avoid respiratory irritants (dust, ammonia, dusty hay or straw).
ONGOING TREATMENT: Daily wound care until healed. Avoid all respiratory irritants. Good ventilation.
STALL TIME: About 2 weeks if no incision; with incision, wait until wound is closed.
PADDOCK TIME: As ordered; will depend on type of surgery. Usually after about two weeks of hand walking.
WALKING: Starts about 2 weeks post-op if no incision, but not until incision closed with open wound.
SLOW WORK: In 4 to 8 weeks, after cleared by vet.
FULL WORK: In 8 to 12 weeks, after cleared by vet.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS: Infection.
INDICATORS OF HEALING: Should have follow-up endoscopic evaluation by the surgeon before resuming work.
PROGNOSIS: Guarded for roaring and palate surgery; good for cauterization of pharynx.
A Re-Print from My Horse. com